Rasavahini Electromobility: pros and cons: how useful are e-cars?

Rasavahini Electromobility: pros and cons: how useful are e-cars?

Rasavahini                                                       Volkswagen founds the ID.-family, Daimler wants to 2039 a CO2-neutral vehicle fleet and BMW plans the electrification of the M-series. The major manufacturers have been in agreement since this year: there is no way around electromobility. In politics and public discourse, the meaningfulness of electromobility is being intensively discussed. These are the main arguments for and against cars with e-battery. (Also interesting: You’ve never heard of these seven electric sports exotics)     volume Pro: At speeds below 60 km / h, electric cars are on average significantly quieter than burners. According to a poll by the German Federal Environmental Agency, 60 percent of the German population 2016 was disturbed or bothered by street noise. Today’s traffic noise causes health damage, loss of revenue in tourism and loss of value on land. In cities and towns, electromobility can reduce traffic noise and thereby save many costs and enable a better quality of life for all.     Cons: Electric vehicles pose a safety risk for people with limited vision in the city. Since July 2019, electric cars have been equipped with artificial driving noise throughout Europe. The Acoustic Vehicle Alerting System (AVAS) is active up to a speed of 20 km / h. Due to the new regulation, quiet electric cars are no more a safety risk than burners.     safety Pro: Electric cars achieve best results in crash tests. There is no heavy engine block, which is pressed in a crash in the interior and could additionally injure the occupants. Due to the high weight of the batteries in the underbody electric cars do not overturn so easily. All Tesla models have received maximum scores in the US for frontal, side impact and rollover tests. (Also read: 7 things you can learn from Elon Musk about success)     Cons: In the event of an accident, a vehicle fire may occur if the battery cells overheat due to the deformation of the drive battery. In contrast to cars with internal combustion electric cars burn less frequently. According to Martin Winter from the Research Center Jülich, Helmholtz Institute Münster, there are two burning electric cars on one billion driven kilometers, with burners it is 95 vehicle fires. As tests of the ADAC prove, the reporting on electric cars is in no relation to the facts and distorts the public perception.     resources Pro: Electric cars can reduce Germany and Europe’s dependence on oil. Before On several Sundays there was a general ban on cars because Arab oil states cut back production. With electric cars, Europe can free itself from these power structures and is no longer dependent on undemocratic states.     Cons: The cobalt for batteries is degraded under similar inhumane conditions as gold or petroleum. But because the metal protects the battery from overheating, manufacturers try to replace it with iron phosphate and liquid cooling. Otherwise, a lithium-ion battery mainly consists of copper, aluminum, graphite, nickel and a small amount of lithium. According to a Bloomberg report from the year 2017, less than one percent of the world’s lithium reserves will be consumed over the next decade.     Range More statistics can be found at Statista Pro: For the majority of the population, the range of electric cars is sufficient. On average, 2012 according to the Federal Statistical Office in Germany commuted more than 95 percent below 50 kilometers to work. Even small electric cars like the Smart forfour EQ can do more than 120 kilometers. For vehicles from the upper middle class, such as the Tesla Model S, up to 476 kilometers are possible. The ranges will continue to increase as the development progresses.     Cons: Charging takes longer than refueling and there are too few charging stations. With so-called fast-loaders can be reloaded in ten minutes up to 100 miles, in the same time a combustor has long been full. kW chargers are still in development and could more than triple the charging speed in the future In July 2019 there was almost (**********************************************. Charging stations in Germany. With the growing number of electric cars and the charging network must be further expanded. Most electric car drivers charge their vehicle for a day at work or overnight at home, because the private car is there most of the time.     climate Pro: Electric cars are better for the climate than any other drives. Life cycle assessments include greenhouse gas emissions, health risks, resource consumption and damage to the ecosystem. Electric cars do not have any local greenhouse gas emissions, thereby reducing health risks. The consumption of resources and the associated damage to the ecosystem is comparable to burners, but has a decisive advantage: The materials of a battery are not burned like crude oil and can be used up to 97 Percent will be recycled. Another important component for the eco-balance of electric cars remains the power source.     Cons: In Germany, only (*****************************************************************************************) According to the Fraunhofer Institute, almost 76 percent of German electricity is still generated by lignite, hard coal, gas and nuclear energy. In Norway and South Tyrol, more than 100 percent is generated by renewable energies and this also significantly improves the eco-balance of all e-cars. In Germany, therefore, the transition to electromobility must happen together with the energy transition, because it is clear that the more ecological the electricity for production and operation is, the more ecological electro-mobility will be.     price                          An argument not to switch to the e-car now is the price. From 2020 the state would like to support with 4. (******************************) Euro.                 © Getty Images             Pro: From 2020 there are up to 4 , Frequently, the manufacturers offer in addition to the premium perks and also individual cities in Germany promote the purchase with up to 1 500 Euro. Cheap e-cars, such as the e.GO Life, are available without deduction of the premium (*****************************). Euro. The car tax is waived for all electric cars for the first ten years and charging is free at some stations.     Cons: Small cars with combustion engine are cheaper. Despite the environmental bonus and the tax advantages, small cars with internal combustion engines are often cheaper. For example the Dacia Sandero, which is available from 7. The advancing development of battery technologies will further lower the prices of electric cars, yet electric cars in the purchase price will be hard to compete with the cheapest burners in the next few years.     Conclusion: E-cars are quieter, just as safe and better for the climate than all other drives. Most of the batteries are recyclable and their development will increase their range, reduce material costs and lower prices. The charging infrastructure and renewable energy sources need to be further developed. The mining of cobalt and lithium should continue to be critically monitored to minimize damage to the ecosystem and create decent jobs. In all discussions about the future of mobility we should not forget: There will never be the one perfect technology that will solve all our problems. Future technologies will not work completely without resources, environmental damage and energy expenditure. The most environmentally friendly forms of transportation will be public transport, the bike (not the e-bike) and your own feet.                                                                                    
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